According to an article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) in 2016, documents show that the sugar industry (Sugar Research Foundation – SRF, 1943) funded “research” to develop publications in order to exempt sugar as a potential risk for cardiovascular disease. In the 1950s and 1960s studies have identified dietary factors (sugar, total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol) as agents of cardiovascular diseases. Considering this fact, the sugar industry has acted to remove the guilt of sugar as a risk for cardiovascular disease.
The authors of the article denouncing this fraud found correspondence documents between the SRF and researchers (each received about $ 50,000) that have developed and published a review article that belied the role of sugar in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. With this publication diets low fat gained more popularity as the consumption of sugar was not unduly discouraged. Thus the consumption of sugar was not harmed and the sugar industry benefited from the unethical conduct of the three researchers from Harvard who agreed to participate in this fraud. Science as all other areas
Professional is the victim of corruption and unethical attitude of bad professionals. I believe that most scientists are honest and ethical, but it is always wise to be critical to publications that flood the scientific community by establishing new paradigms.
KEARNS, Cristin E.; SCHMIDT, Laura A.; GLANTZ, Stanton A. Sugar industry and coronary heart disease research: a historical analysis of internal industry documents. JAMA internal medicine, 2016.